CONTENTS

NAME

LWP::Simple - simple procedural interface to LWP

SYNOPSIS

perl -MLWP::Simple -e 'getprint "http://www.sn.no"'

use LWP::Simple;
$content = get("http://www.sn.no/");
die "Couldn't get it!" unless defined $content;

if (mirror("http://www.sn.no/", "foo") == RC_NOT_MODIFIED) {
    ...
}

if (is_success(getprint("http://www.sn.no/"))) {
    ...
}

DESCRIPTION

This module is meant for people who want a simplified view of the libwww-perl library. It should also be suitable for one-liners. If you need more control or access to the header fields in the requests sent and responses received, then you should use the full object-oriented interface provided by the LWP::UserAgent module.

The module will also export the LWP::UserAgent object as $ua if you ask for it explicitly.

The user agent created by this module will identify itself as LWP::Simple/#.## and will initialize its proxy defaults from the environment (by calling $ua->env_proxy).

FUNCTIONS

The following functions are provided (and exported) by this module:

get

my $res = get($url);

The get() function will fetch the document identified by the given URL and return it. It returns undef if it fails. The $url argument can be either a string or a reference to a URI object.

You will not be able to examine the response code or response headers (like Content-Type) when you are accessing the web using this function. If you need that information you should use the full OO interface (see LWP::UserAgent).

my $res = head($url);

Get document headers. Returns the following 5 values if successful: ($content_type, $document_length, $modified_time, $expires, $server)

Returns an empty list if it fails. In scalar context returns TRUE if successful.

getprint

my $code = getprint($url);

Get and print a document identified by a URL. The document is printed to the selected default filehandle for output (normally STDOUT) as data is received from the network. If the request fails, then the status code and message are printed on STDERR. The return value is the HTTP response code.

getstore

my $code = getstore($url, $file)

Gets a document identified by a URL and stores it in the file. The return value is the HTTP response code.

mirror

my $code = mirror($url, $file);

Get and store a document identified by a URL, using If-modified-since, and checking the Content-Length. Returns the HTTP response code.

STATUS CONSTANTS

This module also exports the HTTP::Status constants and procedures. You can use them when you check the response code from "getprint" in LWP::Simple, "getstore" in LWP::Simple or "mirror" in LWP::Simple. The constants are:

RC_CONTINUE
RC_SWITCHING_PROTOCOLS
RC_OK
RC_CREATED
RC_ACCEPTED
RC_NON_AUTHORITATIVE_INFORMATION
RC_NO_CONTENT
RC_RESET_CONTENT
RC_PARTIAL_CONTENT
RC_MULTIPLE_CHOICES
RC_MOVED_PERMANENTLY
RC_MOVED_TEMPORARILY
RC_SEE_OTHER
RC_NOT_MODIFIED
RC_USE_PROXY
RC_BAD_REQUEST
RC_UNAUTHORIZED
RC_PAYMENT_REQUIRED
RC_FORBIDDEN
RC_NOT_FOUND
RC_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED
RC_NOT_ACCEPTABLE
RC_PROXY_AUTHENTICATION_REQUIRED
RC_REQUEST_TIMEOUT
RC_CONFLICT
RC_GONE
RC_LENGTH_REQUIRED
RC_PRECONDITION_FAILED
RC_REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE
RC_REQUEST_URI_TOO_LARGE
RC_UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE
RC_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR
RC_NOT_IMPLEMENTED
RC_BAD_GATEWAY
RC_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE
RC_GATEWAY_TIMEOUT
RC_HTTP_VERSION_NOT_SUPPORTED

CLASSIFICATION FUNCTIONS

The HTTP::Status classification functions are:

is_success

my $bool = is_success($rc);

True if response code indicated a successful request.

is_error

my $bool = is_error($rc)

True if response code indicated that an error occurred.

CAVEAT

Note that if you are using both LWP::Simple and the very popular CGI module, you may be importing a head function from each module, producing a warning like Prototype mismatch: sub main::head ($) vs none. Get around this problem by just not importing LWP::Simple's head function, like so:

use LWP::Simple qw(!head);
use CGI qw(:standard);  # then only CGI.pm defines a head()

Then if you do need LWP::Simple's head function, you can just call it as LWP::Simple::head($url).

SEE ALSO

LWP, lwpcook, LWP::UserAgent, HTTP::Status, lwp-request, lwp-mirror