DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader - Create a DBIx::Class::Schema based on a database


### use this module to generate a set of class files

# in a script
use DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader qw/ make_schema_at /;
    { debug => 1,
      dump_directory => './lib',
    [ 'dbi:Pg:dbname="foo"', 'myuser', 'mypassword',
       { loader_class => 'MyLoader' } # optionally

# from the command line or a shell script with dbicdump (distributed
# with this module).  Do `perldoc dbicdump` for usage.
dbicdump -o dump_directory=./lib \
         -o components='["InflateColumn::DateTime"]' \
         -o debug=1 \
         My::Schema \
         'dbi:Pg:dbname=foo' \
         myuser \

### or generate and load classes at runtime
# note: this technique is not recommended
# for use in production code

package My::Schema;
use base qw/DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader/;

    constraint              => '^foo.*',
    # debug                 => 1,

#### in application code elsewhere:

use My::Schema;

my $schema1 = My::Schema->connect( $dsn, $user, $password, $attrs);
# -or-
my $schema1 = "My::Schema"; $schema1->connection(as above);


DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader automates the definition of a DBIx::Class::Schema by scanning database table definitions and setting up the columns, primary keys, unique constraints and relationships.

See dbicdump for the dbicdump utility.

DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader currently supports only the DBI storage type. It has explicit support for DBD::Pg, DBD::mysql, DBD::DB2, DBD::Firebird, DBD::InterBase, DBD::Informix, DBD::SQLAnywhere, DBD::SQLite, DBD::Sybase (for Sybase ASE and MSSSQL), DBD::ODBC (for MSSQL, MSAccess, Firebird and SQL Anywhere) DBD::ADO (for MSSQL and MSAccess) and DBD::Oracle. Other DBI drivers may function to a greater or lesser degree with this loader, depending on how much of the DBI spec they implement, and how standard their implementation is.

Patches to make other DBDs work correctly welcome.

See DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::DBI::Writing for notes on writing your own vendor-specific subclass for an unsupported DBD driver.

This module requires DBIx::Class 0.08127 or later, and obsoletes the older DBIx::Class::Loader.

See DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::Base for available options.



The loader object, as class data on your Schema. For methods available see DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::Base and DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::DBI.


Argument: $loader_class

Set the loader class to be instantiated when "connection" is called. If the classname starts with "::", "DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader" is prepended. Defaults to "storage_type" in DBIx::Class::Schema (which must start with "::" when using DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader).

This is mostly useful for subclassing existing loaders or in conjunction with "dump_to_dir".


Argument: \%loader_options

Example in Synopsis above demonstrates a few common arguments. For detailed information on all of the arguments, most of which are only useful in fairly complex scenarios, see the DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::Base documentation.

If you intend to use loader_options, you must call loader_options before any connection is made, or embed the loader_options in the connection information itself as shown below. Setting loader_options after the connection has already been made is useless.


Arguments: @args
Return Value: $new_schema

See "connection" in DBIx::Class::Schema for basic usage.

If the final argument is a hashref, and it contains the keys loader_options or loader_class, those keys will be deleted, and their values value will be used for the loader options or class, respectively, just as if set via the "loader_options" or "loader_class" methods above.

The actual auto-loading operation (the heart of this module) will be invoked as soon as the connection information is defined.


See "clone" in DBIx::Class::Schema.


Argument: $directory

Calling this as a class method on either DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader or any derived schema class will cause all schemas to dump manual versions of themselves to the named directory when they are loaded. In order to be effective, this must be set before defining a connection on this schema class or any derived object (as the loading happens as soon as both a connection and loader_options are set, and only once per class).

See "dump_directory" in DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::Base for more details on the dumping mechanism.

This can also be set at module import time via the import option dump_to_dir:/foo/bar to DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader, where /foo/bar is the target directory.


# My::Schema isa DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader, and has connection info
#   hardcoded in the class itself:
perl -MDBIx::Class::Schema::Loader=dump_to_dir:/foo/bar -MMy::Schema -e1

# Same, but no hard-coded connection, so we must provide one:
perl -MDBIx::Class::Schema::Loader=dump_to_dir:/foo/bar -MMy::Schema -e 'My::Schema->connection("dbi:Pg:dbname=foo", ...)'

# Or as a class method, as long as you get it done *before* defining a
#  connection on this schema class or any derived object:
use My::Schema;

# Or as a class method on the DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader itself, which affects all
#   derived schemas
use My::Schema;
use My::OtherSchema;

# Another alternative to the above:
use DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader qw| dump_to_dir:/foo/bar |;
use My::Schema;
use My::OtherSchema;


Arguments: $schema_class_name, \%loader_options, \@connect_info
Return Value: $schema_class_name

This function creates a DBIx::Class schema from an existing RDBMS schema. With the dump_directory option, generates a set of DBIx::Class classes from an existing database schema read from the given dsn. Without a dump_directory, creates schema classes in memory at runtime without generating on-disk class files.

For a complete list of supported loader_options, see DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::Base

The last hashref in the \@connect_info can specify the "loader_class".

This function can be imported in the usual way, as illustrated in these Examples:

# Simple example, creates as a new class 'New::Schema::Name' in
#  memory in the running perl interpreter.
use DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader qw/ make_schema_at /;
    { debug => 1 },
    [ 'dbi:Pg:dbname="foo"','postgres','',
      { loader_class => 'MyLoader' } # optionally

# Inside a script, specifying a dump directory in which to write
# class files
use DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader qw/ make_schema_at /;
    { debug => 1, dump_directory => './lib' },
    [ 'dbi:Pg:dbname="foo"','postgres','',
      { loader_class => 'MyLoader' } # optionally

The last hashref in the \@connect_info is checked for loader arguments such as loader_options and loader_class, see "connection" for more details.


Return Value: @new_monikers

Re-scans the database for newly added tables since the initial load, and adds them to the schema at runtime, including relationships, etc. Does not process drops or changes.

Returns a list of the new monikers added.


Arguments: \%opts | $ver

Controls the naming options for backward compatibility, see "naming" in DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::Base for details.

To upgrade a dynamic schema, use:


Can be imported into your dump script and called as a function as well:



Arguments: 1|0

Controls the use_namespaces options for backward compatibility, see "use_namespaces" in DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::Base for details.

To upgrade a dynamic schema, use:


Can be imported into your dump script and called as a function as well:



Multiple Database Schemas

See "db_schema" in DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::Base.


Matt S Trout, all of the #dbix-class folks, and everyone who's ever sent in a bug report or suggestion.

Based on DBIx::Class::Loader by Sebastian Riedel

Based upon the work of IKEBE Tomohiro


Caelum: Rafael Kitover <>

Dag-Erling Smørgrav <>

Matias E. Fernandez <>

SineSwiper: Brendan Byrd <>

TSUNODA Kazuya <>

acmoore: Andrew Moore <>

alnewkirk: Al Newkirk <>

andrewalker: André Walker <>

angelixd: Paul C. Mantz <>

arc: Aaron Crane <>

arcanez: Justin Hunter <>

ash: Ash Berlin <>

blblack: Brandon Black <>

bphillips: Brian Phillips <>

btilly: Ben Tilly <>

domm: Thomas Klausner <>

ether: Karen Etheridge <>

gugu: Andrey Kostenko <>

hobbs: Andrew Rodland <>

ilmari: Dagfinn Ilmari Mannsåker <>

jhannah: Jay Hannah <>

jnap: John Napiorkowski <>

kane: Jos Boumans <>

mattp: Matt Phillips <>

mephinet: Philipp Gortan <>

moritz: Moritz Lenz <>

mst: Matt S. Trout <>

mstratman: Mark A. Stratman <>

oalders: Olaf Alders <>

rbo: Robert Bohne <>

rbuels: Robert Buels <>

ribasushi: Peter Rabbitson <>

schwern: Michael G. Schwern <>

spb: Stephen Bennett <>

timbunce: Tim Bunce <>

waawaamilk: Nigel McNie <>

... and lots of other folks. If we forgot you, please write the current maintainer or RT.


Copyright (c) 2006 - 2015 by the aforementioned "AUTHORS" in DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.


DBIx::Class, DBIx::Class::Manual::Intro, DBIx::Class::Tutorial, DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::Base